Read Deuteronomy 5:1-22
What stuck out to you in reading these verses today?
Did the verses raise any questions as you read?
What is God leading you to know or do from these verses?
You might think, as you read this passage, that the theme today would be the law. When you read the first few verses of Deuteronomy 5, though, you see that Moses is talking about the covenant God made with his people. This covenant was instituted with the giving of the Ten Commandments.
What is a covenant? A covenant could be defined as “a chosen relationship in which two parties make binding promises to each other.” In most covenants in the Bible God keeps the covenant for us, because we are unable to fulfill the agreement because of our sin. This was the case with Israel, as it says in Hebrews 8, they did not continue in the covenant to keep it. They were unable to keep it because of their sin, just as we are unable to obey God perfectly.
But God had a plan. Throughout the prophetic books we see God’s intention to establish a new covenant that would supersede the old. The author of Hebrews emphasizes this truth. For by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are being sanctified (Hebrews 10:14). The newness of the new covenant is Jesus. His one sacrifice, replacing the constant sacrifices of the law, brings the forgiveness that the old covenant could never bring. The law and the old covenant point forward to Christ.